severely hurts the entire grassland biome. Overgrazing is caused by having too many animals on a grassland
or too many animals in one area. Overgrazing greatly diminishes plants and grasses, which reduces the plants ability to use
the sun in terms of growth and photosynthesis. The plants and grasses become weak and their roots become shorter. During drier
weather, the grasses with shorter roots will have trouble staying alive because they cannot absorb
the important minerals they need. One indication of overgrazing is that soil is visible between different grasses and plants.
The Case Study:
Not long ago, practically no land was left for preservation and all of it was used as pasture. The overgrazing
can significantly damage grasslands and so can controlled grazing by destroying the plants. Livestock will consume edible
vegetation more than most, therefore disturbing the normal balance between the species. Also, permanent water setup for livestock
attracts birds that invade grasslands but were originally restricted from the area. One example of one of these birds would
Should Be Taken To Save The Grasslands:
Overgrazing on grasslands
happens when plants are grazed for too long or the lands aren’t given enough time to recuperate. Overgrazing cuts down
the value of the land. Also these grasslands can be homes to many adapted plants and animals but most of the grasses
have been changed into wheat or cornfields. Therefore changes need to be made to save the grasslands. We need to take some
of the cows that are overgrazing and move them to an area where they can graze without affecting the grasslands. Another way
we can save the grasslands that are already damaged is while the cows are gone and no one is near the grasses, start a fire
because many of the seeds planted in the grasses grow after a fire has been started on the grasses. Also many grass species
grow back very fast after a fire has been set.
Short And Long Term Affects Without Grasslands:
The grasslands have been a serious issue since the discovery of its decline.
Since then many researcher and agencies have aided in the rebuilding of the grasslands. If we didn't try to help the grasslands
and still do the things were doing without caring to think about it this world would much different.
The short term effects would dangerously change our earth. One way is
that without the grasslands many habitats would be lost and many animals would have been extinct. Another effect would be
that animals would be in search of food and go into neighboring cities. Another effect is that that much of our farming land
will be gone and companies will have charge more for everyday foods. Since grasslands’ soil is the perfect biological
filter that recover nutrients in the soil, many nutrient animals need would be lost resulting in nutrient limitation.
Even though the short effects are scary the long terms are even worse.
Leaving this problem alone for to long will affect the grasslands drastically. The grasslands left alone will slowly turn
into a desert and the ecosystem that once flourished there will be lost. Another long term effect is global warming. The grassland
soil are excellent storage area for Carbon dioxide, which means less of it the atmosphere. The grasslands are excellent in
reducing run off, erosion, and Phosphorus pollution.
The grassland are a serious part of nature to lose. The grasslands, believe it or not, are important
in maintaining our world. Without this biome, serious and dangerous matter will occur. We shouldn't wait until this happens,
but start doing something now.
Legislative Actions To Save The Grasslands:
People all around the world travel far distances to see America's
Grasslands. Unfortunately, over time as we marveled at the Grasslands they are dwindling away to nothing and will be lost
forever. The U.S government has taken this matter into serious consideration and has many laws protecting and rebuilding our
once glorious grasslands.
As the U.S. government watched
America's treasures diminish due to overgrazing,
pollution, and an expanding population. The U.S government has passed an act known as the Taylor Act in 1934. The act states
for a farmer our any livestock owner to receive a permit by the secretary of the Interior to graze. The permit is an annual
cost for ten years then one must apply for another permit. The permit gives the livestock owner a portion of land in their
area, this land should not be grazed beyond or fines will be issued. Since 1934 this act has help rebuild the Grasslands.
Another act that has helped as well is the Rural Investment Act. The Act states that a program must be established known as
the Grassland Reserve program (GRP) to restore grasslands for landowners. This preserves the grasslands by giving restored
grass and prevents overgrazing. The GRP has conserved vulnerable grasslands and rehabilitant them. One other act that has
significantly helped preserves the grasslands. The Rangeland, grazing land, and grassland protection act. The act says that
the Wildlife Conservation Board should be the lead agency to protect the California Grasslands. This gives a bigger agency
to take care of the Grassland threat, which means more money to fund the rehabilitation process.
The acts the government has passed thought the Taylor Act in 1934 to the rangeland, grazing land, and
grassland protection act in 2002. The government is working hard to alleviate the problem with the Grasslands of America.
So far these acts have shown a substantial increase in the amount of health grassland and soon our once marvelous grassland